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Home > Voter Information > Provisional Ballots

Provisional Ballots

You can use the following link to check the status of a provisional ballot:

Per Florida Statute 101.048, a voter claiming to be properly registered in the state and eligible to vote at the precinct in the election but whose eligibility cannot be determined, a person whom an official asserts is not eligible, and other persons specified in the code shall be entitled to vote a provisional ballot. 

The most common reason for a provisional ballot is because a voter did not bring the proper identification; however, a voter should not be turned away from the polls because they did not bring identification. Even if they do not have the proper identification, the voter will be allowed to vote a provisional ballot. 

Other reasons for having to vote a provisional ballot might include, but are not limited to the following:
  • Voter’s name does not appear on the precinct register and voter’s eligibility is unverified;  
  • Voter refutes the Supervisor of Elections’ Office confirmation that they are not registered or eligible; 
  • There is an indication on the precinct register that the voter has requested a mail (absentee) ballot and the voter does not have a ballot to surrender, and the poll worker is unable to verify that the voter has not voted; 
  • There is an indication on the precinct register that the voter has returned the mail (absentee) ballot or has voted in the office or at an early voting site, but the voter maintains that they have not voted, even after a call to the Supervisor of Elections’ office; 
  • Voter did not provide both picture identification and signature identification; 
  • There is an indication on the precinct register that the voter has been challenged in this election, or the voter is challenged at the precinct; 
  • Voter’s signature does not match signature on record and voter refuses to fill out an affidavit; 
  • There is an indication on the precinct register that the voter’s Florida Driver’s License, Florida Identification card number, or social security number is not yet verified by the Department of State in conjunction with Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles. 
  • Voter refuses to vote in the precinct in which they reside.  Florida law requires a voter to vote in the precinct in which they reside.  (A voter can change their address at the polls before they vote, but must vote in the correct precinct once the change is made.)

Once voted, the voter shall place the provisional ballot in a secrecy envelope/sleeve and then place into a Provisional Ballot Certificate envelope, then seal the envelope.  The provisional ballot voter and the clerk of the polling place shall fill out the certificate/affirmation on the Provisional Ballot Certificate envelope; then the voter shall deposit the provisional ballot certificate envelope into the designated location.  When the polls have closed, the provisional ballots are delivered to the Elections Office for canvassing.   
If it is determined that the person was registered and entitled to vote at the precinct where the person cast a vote in the election and voted a provisional ballot solely because the person did not provide both, an acceptable photo and signature identification at the polls, the person does not need to provide any further evidence of their eligibility in order for their ballot to count. The Canvassing Board (consisting of a county judge, the supervisor of elections & a county commissioner) shall compare the signature on the Provisional Ballot Voter’s Certificate with the signature on the voter’s registration and, if it matches, shall count the ballot.  

VERY IMPORTANT: Section 98.077(4) Florida Statutes requires all signature updates for use in verifying mail (absentee) and provisional ballots to be received by the appropriate supervisor of elections no later than the start of the canvassing of mail (absentee) ballots by the canvassing board.  The signature on file at the start of the canvass of the mail (absentee) ballots is the signature that shall be used in verifying the signature on the mail (absentee) and provisional ballot certificates.  

A person casting a provisional ballot shall have the right to present written evidence supporting their eligibility to vote to the Supervisor of Elections by no later than 5:00 pm on the second day following the election.  You will be given a Notice of Rights which will include instructions on how to find out if your provisional ballot was counted, and if not, the reason(s) why. This notice of rights will be handed to you at the time that you vote a provisional ballot. Within 30 days of the election, the Supervisor of Elections shall provide information as to whether your provisional ballot was counted, or not. Sections 101.048(5)‐(6), F.S.) 

You can use the following link to check the status of a provisional ballot:

If it is determined that the person voting the provisional ballot was not registered or entitled to vote at the precinct where the person cast a vote in the election, or any other reason above, and the person did not present proof within the 2 day period after the election, the canvassing board will examine the provisional ballot certificate, and any and all other information and evidence, if anything is available. If the board determines that the voter was not entitled to vote, the ballot shall remain in the provisional ballot voter’s certificate envelope and the envelope shall be marked “Rejected.” The board must count your provisional ballot unless the board determines, based on preponderance of the evidence, that you are not entitled to vote.